Wright, Richard Nathaniel


Wright, Richard Nathaniel
(1908-1960)
   The grandson of slaves, Richard Wright was born in Mississippi. Abandoned by his father, his family moved to Memphis, Tennessee, and then back to Jackson, Mississippi, where Wright went to school. After leaving school, he worked from 1925 to 1927 for an optical company. He moved to Chicago, Illinois, in 1927, where he worked a number of different jobs, including for the post office. He joined the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) and edited Left Front magazine, which the party briefly produced. Wright also contributed to New Masses magazine. After a disagreement with some of the CPUSA party members, Wright moved to New York City in 1937 and found work in the Federal Writers’ Project. He was also the Harlem editor of the newspaper Daily Worker. His collection of short stories, Uncle Tom’s Children (1937), won a Guggenheim Prize that enabled him to write the powerful novel, Native Son (1940). It was the first book by an African American author selected by the Book-of-the-Month Club and was an immediate best seller. The stage adaptation of the novel, directed by Orson Welles, ran on Broadway from 1941 to 1943.
   In 1941, Wright produced a photographic history/social study entitled 12 Million Black Voices. He left the CPUSA in 1942, and his essay “I Tried to be a Communist” was published in the Atlantic Monthly magazine in 1944 and reprinted in the book The God That Failed in 1949. In 1945, he achieved another major success with the autobiographical account of growing up in the South, Black Boy. Disillusioned with life in the United States, Wright moved to Paris in 1946, and having taken French citizenship in 1947, he became a permanent exile. He continued to write, helping to found the magazine Paris Review in 1949 and writing among others The Outsider (1953), Savage Holiday (1954), and his collection of essays and lectures, White Man, Listen! (1957). None of these, however, had the success of his earlier writing, but he remained one of the most influential African American authors of his day.
   See also Literature and theater.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Richard Nathaniel Wright — Richard Wright, aufgenommen von Carl van Vechten, 1939 Richard Nathaniel Wright (* 4. September 1908 in Roxie, Mississippi; † 28. November 1960 in Paris) war ein US amerikanischer Romancier und Erzähler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard Nathaniel Wright — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Richard Nathaniel Wright Nombre Richard Nathaniel Wright …   Wikipedia Español

  • Richard Wright (author) — Infobox Writer name = Richard Nathaniel Wright imagesize = 200px caption = Richard Wright photographed in 1939 by Carl Van Vechten pseudonym = birthdate = birth date|1908|9|4|mf=y birthplace = Rucker Plantation, Adams County, Mississippi, United… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Wright (Schriftsteller) — Richard Wright, aufgenommen von Carl van Vechten, 1939 Richard Nathaniel Wright (* 4. September 1908 in Roxie, Mississippi; † 28. November 1960 in Paris) war ein US amerikanischer Romancier und Erzähler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard Wright — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Richard Nathaniel Wright, escritor estadounidense. Richard Wright, músico, uno de los anteriores miembros del grupo musical Pink Floyd. Richard Ian Wright, jugador inglés de fútbol. Obtenido de Richard Wright… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wright —   [raɪt],    1) Frank Lloyd, amerikanischer Architekt und Architekturschriftsteller, * Richland Center (Wisconsin) 8. 6. 1869, ✝ Phoenix (Arizona) 9. 4. 1959; Schüler von L. H. Sullivan, für dessen Büro (Adler & Sullivan) in Chicago (Illinois) er …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Richard Wright (écrivain) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Richard Wright. Richard Wright …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richard Warren — (c. 1580 1628) a passenger on the Mayflower (old May Floure ) in 1620, settled in Plymouth Colony and was among ten passengers of the Mayflower landing party with Myles Standish at Cape Cod on November 11, 1620. Richard Warren (research since… …   Wikipedia

  • Nathaniel Banks — Nathaniel P. Banks Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, auch Nathaniel Prentice Banks (* 30. Januar 1816 in Waltham, Massachusetts; † 1. September 1894 ebd.), war ein US amerikanischer Politiker, Gouverneur von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nathaniel P. Banks — Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, auch Nathaniel Prentice Banks (* 30. Januar 1816 in Waltham, Massachusetts; † 1. September 1894 ebd.), war ein US amerikanischer Politiker, Gouverneur von …   Deutsch Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.