Wood, Grant


Wood, Grant
(1892-1942)
   Grant Wood, regarded as “one of the most American of America’s artists,” learned his trade at the Minneapolis School of Design and in night classes at the University of Iowa and Art Institute of Chicago. He taught in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, but after military service during World War I, he was one of the many artists and writers who spent time in Paris, France. In 1927, he received a commission for a stained glass window commemorating war veterans in Cedar City, Utah. His design, using German glass, caused some controversy, a fact that influenced his satirical painting Daughters of Revolution (1932). A number of Wood’s paintings shared this ironic view, most famously his austere depiction of a farmer and his wife in American Gothic (1930). Other work showing the influence of American folk art and the sense of irony included the Midnight Ride of Paul Revere (1931) and Parson Weems’ Fable (1939).
   In the 1930s, Wood became a leading figure in the regionalist school of artists, celebrating the richness of the land and offering a vision of hope during the Great Depression in work ranging from Fall Plowing (1931) and Birthplace of Herbert Hoover (1931) to Iowa Cornfield (1941). During the 1930s, Wood was head of the Iowa Works Progress Administration Art Project and taught at Iowa University. In 1935, he was elected to the National Academy of Design, and much of his work in the mid-1930s was printmaking and illustration.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Wood,Grant — Wood (wo͝od), Grant. 1892 1942. American artist noted for his paintings based on life in the Midwest, especially American Gothic (1930). * * * …   Universalium

  • Wood, Grant — born Feb. 13, 1892, near Anamosa, Iowa, U.S. died Feb. 12, 1942, Iowa City, Iowa U.S. painter. He was trained as a craftsman and designer as well as a painter. On a visit to Germany in 1928, he was strongly influenced by the sharp detail of 15th… …   Universalium

  • Wood, Grant — ► (1892 1942) Pintor estadounidense. Autor de American Gothic. * * * (13 feb. 1892, cerca de Anamosa, Iowa, EE.UU.–12 feb. 1942, Iowa City, Iowa). Pintor estadounidense. Fue formado como artesano, diseñador y pintor. Durante una visita a Alemania …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Grant Wood — Grant DeVolson Wood (Anamosa, Iowa, 13 de febrero de 1891 – Iowa City, 12 de febrero de 1942) fue un pintor estadounidense. Se le conoce sobre todo por sus pinturas representando el Medio Oeste rural estadounidense. Se le considera uno de los… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wood — /wood/, n. 1. Grant, 1892 1942, U.S. painter. 2. Leonard, 1860 1927, U.S. military doctor and political administrator. * * * I Hard, fibrous material formed by the accumulation of secondary xylem produced by the vascular cambium. It is the… …   Universalium

  • Wood — Wood, Grant Wood, Natalie Wood, Robert Williams * * * (as used in expressions) Annie Wood Halifax, Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1 conde de Johnson, Robert Wood Wood Buffalo, parque nacional Wood, Grant Wood, Leonard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Grant — /grant, grahnt/, n. 1. Cary (Archibald Leach), 1904 86, U.S. actor, born in England. 2. Heber Jedediah /hee beuhr jed i duy euh/, 1856 1945, U.S. president of the Mormon Church 1918 45. 3. Ulysses S(impson) 1822 85, 18th president of the U.S.… …   Universalium

  • Grant — (ant.) adj. Grande. * * * grant. adj. desus. grande. * * * Grant, Cary Grant, Ulysses Simpson * * * (as used in expressions) Banting, Sir Frederick Grant …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wood — Wood, Grant (1892 1942) a US artist who painted the painting American Gothic Wood 2 Wood, Sir Henry (1869 1944) a British ↑conductor (=someone who directs a group of musicians) who started the Proms, a series of concerts which take place in… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Grant Wood — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wood. Grant Wood (13 février 1892 à Anamosa dans l Iowa 12 février 1942 à Iowa City) est un peintre américain. Il est surtout connu pour ses peintures du Middle West rural américain. Biographie Il suit les cours… …   Wikipédia en Français