Hawks, Howard Winchester


Hawks, Howard Winchester
(1896-1977)
   Born in Goshen, Indiana, film director, producer, and writer Howard Hawks grew up in a wealthy family that moved to California while he was young. He attended Throop Polytechnic Institute, Phillips Exeter Academy, and Cornell University, where he graduated in 1918. Hawks briefly served in the U. S. Army Air Service, and after a number of jobs he moved to Hollywood and began work in the film industry in 1924.
   He wrote his first screenplay, Tiger Love, in 1924 and directed his first film, The Road to Glory, in 1925. Hawks made a number of classic films across different genres. In 1932 he directed Scarface, based on the life of the gangster Al Capone, and starring Paul Muni. In 1938 he had success with the comedy, Bringing Up Baby, starring Katherine Hepburn and Cary Grant. His film based on the life of World War I hero Sergeant York won Gary Cooper an Academy Award for Best Actor. In 1944, Hawks directed the first film coupling Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall, To Have and Have Not, based on the novel by Ernest Hemingway. Bogart and Bacall also starred in Hawk’s The Big Sleep, a Raymond Chandler novel. Hawks also made a few classic Westerns, most notably Red River (1948) and Rio Bravo (1959). His Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953) starred Marilyn Monroe. Hawks last film was Rio Lobo, made in 1977. He was given a lifetime achievement award by the Academy of Arts in 1975.
   See also Cinema.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Hawks,Howard Winchester — Hawks (hôks), Howard Winchester. 1896 1977. American filmmaker whose works include His Girl Friday (1940) and The Big Sleep (1946). * * * …   Universalium

  • Hawks, Howard (Winchester) — born May 30, 1896, Goshen, Ind., U.S. died Dec. 26, 1977, Palm Springs, Calif. U.S. film director, screenwriter, and producer. He served as a pilot in World War I, then wrote screenplays in Hollywood (from 1922) and directed several projects… …   Universalium

  • Hawks, Howard (Winchester) — (30 may. 1896, Goshen, Ind., EE.UU.–26 dic. 1977, Palm Springs, Cal.). Director de cine, guionista y productor estadounidense. Fue piloto durante la primera guerra mundial, y en 1922 comenzó a escribir guiones en Hollywood. Dirigió varios filmes… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Howard — Howard, Ebenezer Howard, Leslie ► Noble familia inglesa del s. X. A ella pertenecen los condes de Norfolk, de Suffolk, de Northampton y de Nottingham. * * * (as used in expressions) Aiken, Howard H(athaway) Armstrong, Edwin H(oward) Bearden,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Winchester — /win ches teuhr, cheuh steuhr/, n. 1. a city in Hampshire, in S England: cathedral; capital of the early Wessex kingdom and of medieval England. 88,700. 2. a town in E Massachusetts, near Boston. 20,701. 3. a city in N Virginia: Civil War battles …   Universalium

  • Howard — /how euhrd/, n. 1. Catherine, c1520 42, fifth wife of Henry VIII. 2. Sir Ebenezer, 1850 1928, English town planner. 3. Henry. See Surrey, Henry Howard, Earl of. 4. John Winston, born 1939, prime minister of Australia since 1996. 5. Leslie …   Universalium

  • Howard Hawks — Nombre real Howard Winchester Hawks Nacimiento 30 de mayo de 1896 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hawks — /hawks/, n. Howard (Winchester), 1896 1977, U.S. film director. * * * …   Universalium

  • Howard Hawks — Infobox Actor name = Howard Hawks birthdate = birth date|1896|5|30|mf=y imagesize =160px location = Goshen, Indiana deathdate = death date and age|1977|12|26|1896|5|30 deathplace = Palm Springs, California birthname = Howard Winchester Hawks… …   Wikipedia

  • Howard Hawks — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Howard et Hawks. Howard Hawks …   Wikipédia en Français