- Communist Party Of The United States Of America
- (CPUSA)Communism was established in the United States in 1919 with the creation of the Communist Party and Communist Labor Party, which had been formed by elements of the Socialist Party of America and others, following the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution and the launching of the Third International, or Comintern, in March 1919. The two groups merged in 1921 to become the Workers’ Party of America. In 1928, it was again renamed the Communist Party. The party always remained a minority party with a large foreign-language and immigrant membership. Its greatest electoral support came during the Great Depression when it secured 102,991 votes in the 1932 presidential election. Following the launching of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal program, the party’s membership fell to only 26,000 in 1934. Under the leadership of Earl Browder, the party began to change direction and support the New Deal and from 1935 on began to talk of a popular front in the struggle against fascism. As a result Browder received 80,869 votesin 1936, and membership rose to 100,000 again by 1939. However, the CPUSA, loyal to the Soviet Union, abruptly changed again after the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact that year abandoned the popular front and increasingly spoke out against any possible involvement in war with Germany. But when the Germans invaded the Soviet Union in 1940, yet again the party abandoned its previous policy in favor of all out support of war. This continued to such an extent after the United States entered World War II in 1941 that Browder even suggested that the CPUSA was no longer necessary, and he was expelled from what was left of the organization and replaced by William Z. Foster. The party continued to decline during the Cold War, and by 1955 party membership was less than 5,000, one-third of whom were said to be Federal Bureau of Investigation agents. However, in 1948 the Truman administration prosecuted 11 CPUSA leaders under the terms of the Smith Act, and in 1949 they were sentenced for terms of one to five years in prison. As the Cold War progressed and events such as the Soviet suppression of the rising in Hungary in 1957 occurred, membership fell even further and was a mere 3,000 by 1958. The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1989 brought yet another decline, and the party barely continued to exist.
Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . Neil A. Wynn . 2015.
См. также в других словарях:
Communist Party of The United States of America — (CPUSA) A descendent of the Communist Labor Party and the Communist Party (both formed in 1919), and at different times going under the names of the Workers’ Party and the Communist Political Association, the Communist Party of the United… … Historical dictionary of Marxism
Communist Party of the United States of America — (abbr CPUSA) a small US political party which believes in the principles of Communism. It was established in 1921 and was called the Workers’ Party of America before it changed to the present name in 1929. Congress took away many of its rights in … Universalium
(the) Communist Party of the United States of America — the Communist Party of the United States of America [the Communist Party of the United States of America] (abbr the CPUSA) a small US political party which believes in the principles of Communism. It was established in 1921 and was called the… … Useful english dictionary
The United States of America (album) — Infobox Album | Name = The United States of America Type = Album Artist = The United States of America Released = March 6, 1968 Recorded = December 7 to 23, 1967 Genre = Experimental rock, psychedelic rockHolm Hudson, 2002. p.43] Length = 37:07… … Wikipedia
World Socialist Party of the United States — The World Socialist Party of the United States (WSPUS) is a political party established in Detroit, MI in 1916. It is the American companion party of the World Socialist Movement.History of the WSPUSMost of the founders of the WSPUS were auto… … Wikipedia
Workers Party of the United States — A number of parties have gone by differing versions of the name Workers Party . The Workers Party of the United States, also called the U.S. Workers Party, formed in December 1934. At that time the American Workers Party (AWP) led by A.J. Muste… … Wikipedia
Citizens Party of the United States — Not to be confused with Citizens Party (United States). Citizens Party of the United States Chairman Michael Thompson Senate leader None House leader None Founded … Wikipedia
United States Of America — As a significant political creed, the influence of Marxism in the United States has been negligible. The U.S. has, though, provided a string of socialist and Marxist pamphleteers, campaigners and intellectuals, chiefly Paul Baran, Eugene Debs … Historical dictionary of Marxism
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA — UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, country in N. America. This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction Colonial Era, 1654–1776 Early National Period, 1776–1820 German Jewish Period, 1820–1880 East European Jewish Period,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Communist Party of the USA (Opposition) — Leader Jay Lovestone Founde … Wikipedia